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Heat Stroke

What to look for if you suspect someone is suffering from heatstroke

There are six key signs to look for:

  1. Headache, dizziness and discomfort
  2. Restlessness and confusion
  3. Hot flushed and dry skin
  4. A fast slowing down in the level of response
  5. A full bounding pulse
  6. Body temperature above 40°C

What you need to do – heat-stroke

• Quickly move the person to a cool place and remove their outer clothing. (NB – Ensure to maintain their dignity.!)

• Then call 10111 for an ambulance.

• Wrap them in a cold wet sheet and keep pouring cool water over it until their temperature falls to at least 38°C. (Measure this with a thermometer under their tongue or under their armpit.) [ If you can’t find a sheet, fan them or sponge them down with cold water to keep them cool. ]

• Once their temperature drops to 38°C, replace the wet sheet with a dry sheet.

• While waiting for help to arrive, keep checking their temperature, as well as their breathing, pulse and level of response.

• If their starts rising again, repeat the cooling process as above.

• If they lose consciousness at any point, check for any obstructions in their airway, check their breathing and prepare to administer CPR.

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