What to look for if you suspect someone is suffering from heatstroke
There are six key signs to look for:
- Headache, dizziness and discomfort
- Restlessness and confusion
- Hot flushed and dry skin
- A fast slowing down in the level of response
- A full bounding pulse
- Body temperature above 40°C
What you need to do – heat-stroke
• Quickly move the person to a cool place and remove their outer clothing. (NB – Ensure to maintain their dignity.!)
• Then call 10111 for an ambulance.
• Wrap them in a cold wet sheet and keep pouring cool water over it until their temperature falls to at least 38°C. (Measure this with a thermometer under their tongue or under their armpit.) [ If you can’t find a sheet, fan them or sponge them down with cold water to keep them cool. ]
• Once their temperature drops to 38°C, replace the wet sheet with a dry sheet.
• While waiting for help to arrive, keep checking their temperature, as well as their breathing, pulse and level of response.
• If their starts rising again, repeat the cooling process as above.
• If they lose consciousness at any point, check for any obstructions in their airway, check their breathing and prepare to administer CPR.